Saturday, December 6, 2008

Paduka Sahasram Intro

ஸ்ரீ கேசவ அய்யங்காரின் முன்னுரை தொடர்கிறது. படித்த பிறகு ஆத்தூர் சந்தானம் ஸ்வாமியின் தமிழ் பாதுகா சஹஸ்ரத்தின் இரண்டு பத்ததிகளை இங்கிருந்து தரவிறக்கம் செய்து கொள்ளலாம்.

God, Religion Philosophy, God's "foot" constitutes and causes

God is the one ultimate reality. That is philosophy. That is Religion. The conflict between Philosophy and Religion is a medieval fable. Its survival today is wholly an anachronism. Philosophy and Religion is not a fit. Philosophy and religion are pits and fits only to those who divorce the one from the other. God is the one ultimate Reality. All those that are, are there as manifested in it (the ultimate Reality), sustained by it, and absorbed into it. That manifesting, sustaining and absorbing 'plane' or 'form' of Divinity is, and is regarded as its "foot". That is the causal it accedes to the contemplation of the sentient soul. Hence the vedantic injunction of the contemplation of the 'cause'. It (the ultimate) accedes in its infinite mercy. The stability of the "foot" is the stability of the universe. To cause is not to drive the effect out. Such a causation Vedanta rules out. The concept of God's "foot" is not an anthropomorphic trick of the superstitious mind. It is a basic universal truth. That truth is that the universe is the base of God, and that He bases, and measures with His "foot". It is the "foot" of the all merciful Lord Trivikrama that measured the universe, and the Lord's "foot" which measured was of such imponderable magnitude in its transcendent infinity, that the universe, otherwise immeasurable, became measured by that "foot" and in that measurement dwindled into a speck which had a mere location without any magnitude in that "foot" (1) That is the mystery and the truth of that "foot" - the foot in and by which the universe is held, measured and ruled. Man is no more the measure of things than brute beasts, stocks and stones. It is God's "foot" that measures and rules the universe. (2) That "foot-measure" and "foot-rule" is universal. God's "foot" causes, measures and rules. It is the basic essence of Divinity. The Divinity is the sustainer of the universe, and it sustains itself on its own "foot" "God is based in His own magnificence" That base is His "foot" (3) It is the magnificent base in which He and His are integrated and that integration is the magnificence of the base. It is the integration of His - the all, in Him - the One. The "foot" is the metaphysic of God's immanence in which is implicit His transcendence. The law of the universe is the law of the integration of the all in the One. The truth about that law is that the 'all' is the 'all' of differences, that all differences are true, and that they are all truly the differences of compliments. What is true as to the differences of the nature is equally true as to the differences of the function. The very differences of the all befit their integration in the One. The more the differences the more the integration. The all find their fulfilment, all alike, in their union with the Divine basic essence -- the "foot of God. The differences of the universe constitutes the richness of the "foot". They are all its and therefore constitutes its wealth. The universe is constituted as its wealth, and it as its all-pervading sustainer. As the all are constituted in the One as its own (which is the value of "all" and which is their only true and ultimate value) the all are constituted alike in that value so as to constitute the all into one whole. It is a true commonwealth of all. It is alike in relation to the One, and common in relation to the all. The One is no more outside of the all than the all is outside of the One. The constituting One and the constituted all is all one constitution, and it is in that constitution that the universe functions. The "One" being equated with the 'all' in the integration, the knowledge of the "One" is equated with the knowledge of the all for it is all the knowledge of that one integration. In the language of metaphysics it is the knowledge of the one universal cause. That knowledge is bliss. It is the one universal knowledge. "Felix qui potui rerum cognoscre causes, Atque metus omnes et inexorabile fatum. Subject pedibus strepitumque Acherontis ovari" "Happy is he who can know the causes of things and who subdues with his feet all fears the inexorable fate, and the roar of greedy Acheron" (4) In those words has that great poet of the West, Virgil, sounded this universal truth of causal knowledge and of the fruition in immortal freedom from selfdom.